Margaret Atwood’s visions and revisions of "The Wizard of Oz"

Teresa Gibert

Abstract


L. Frank Baum’s "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" (1900) and Victor Fleming’s film “The Wizard of Oz” (1939) play an important intertextual role in Margaret Atwood’s critical and fictional writings. Atwood has often been inspired by both versions of this modern fairy tale and has drawn attention to the main issues it raises (e.g. the transformative power of words, gendered power relationships, the connection between illusion and reality, the perception of the artist as a magician, and different notions of home). She has creatively explored and exploited themes, settings, visual motifs, allegorical content and characters (Dorothy, her three companions, the Wizard and the witches, especially Glinda the Good and the Wicked Witch of the West), subversively adapting her literary borrowings with a parodic twist and satirical intent. Parts of “Life Before Man” (1979) may be interpreted as a rewrite of a story defined by Atwood as “the great American witchcraft classic”.


Keywords


Margaret Atwood; “The Wizard of Oz”; “Life Before Man”; fairy tales; intertextuality; parody

References


Atwood, M. 1982. “Witches”. Second Words: Selected Critical Prose. Toronto: Anansi. 329-333.

Atwood, M. 1984 (1979). Life Before Man. London: Virago.

Atwood, M. 1989 (1977). “A Travel Piece”. Dancing Girls. London: Virago. 130-143.

Atwood, M. Cat’s Eye. 1989 (1988). London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Atwood, M. 1991. Wilderness Tips. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Atwood, M. 1993. “Grimms Remembered”. The Reception of Grimms’ Fairy Tales: Responses, Reactions, Revisions. Ed. Donald Haase. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 290-292.

Atwood, M. 2000. The Blind Assassin. Toronto: McClelland.

Atwood, M. 2002. Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Atwood, M. 2005. Writing with Intent: Essays, Reviews, Personal Prose 1983-2005. New York: Carroll & Graf.

Atwood, M. 2006. “In the Heart of the Heartland”. Review of The Echo Maker by Richard Powers. New York Review of Books, 21 December.

. (Accessed 5 February 2018)

Atwood, M. 2011. In Other Worlds: Science Fiction and the Human Imagination. New York: Doubleday.

Atwood, M. 2012a. “SURVIVAL: A Demi-Memoir”. Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature. Toronto: Anansi. v-xii.

Atwood, M. 2012b. “Margaret Atwood on Ray Bradbury”. The Guardian, 8 June.

. (Accessed 5 February 2018)

Atwood, M. 2012c. “Hello, Martians. Let Moby-Dick Explain”. New York Times, 28 April.

. (Accessed 5 February 2018)

Atwood, M. 2014. “Are Humans Necessary? Margaret Atwood on Our Robotic Future”. New York Times, 4 December.

. (Accessed 5 February 2018)

Atwood, M. 2016. “Just like the Wizard of Oz, Donald Trump has no Magic Powers”. The Guardian, 11 November.

. (Accessed 5 February 2018)

Baum, L. F. 1900. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Chicago & New York: G.M. Hill.

Beran, C. 1992. “Intertexts of Margaret Atwood’s Life Before Man”. American Review of Canadian Studies 22 (2): 199-214.

Fleming, V., dir. 1939. The Wizard of Oz. USA: Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM).

Goetsch, P. 1985. “Margaret Atwood’s Life Before Man as a Novel of Manners”. Gaining Ground: European Critics on Canadian Literature. Ed. R. Kroetsch and R. M. Nischik. Edmonton, NeWest Press. 137-149.

Grace, S. E. 1980. Violent Duality: A Study of Margaret Atwood. Montreal: Véhicule Press.

Hammond, K. 1990. “Articulating the Mute”. Margaret Atwood: Conversations. Ed. E. G. Ingersoll. Willowdale: Firefly. 109-120.

Heilmann, A. and D. Taylor. 2001. “Interview with Margaret Atwood, Hay-on-Wye, 27 May 2001”. European Journal of American Culture 20 (3): 132-47.

Hengen, S. and A. Thomson. 2007. Margaret Atwood: A Reference Guide 1988-2005. Lanham: Scarecrow Press.

Littlefield, H. M. 1964. “The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism”. American Quarterly 16 (1): 47-58.

McLeod, J. 2015. Life Lines: Writing Transcultural Adoption. London: Bloomsbury.

Rao, E. 2006. “Home and Nation in Margaret Atwood’s Later Fiction”. The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. 100-113.

Rockoff, H. 1990. “The ‘Wizard of Oz’ as a Monetary Allegory”. Journal of Political Economy. 98 (4): 739-760.

Rushdie, S. 1992. The Wizard of Oz: A Short Text about Magic. London: British Film Institute.

Tatar, M. 2010. “Why Fairy Tales Matter: The Performative and the Transformative”. Western Folklore 69 (1): 55-64.

Taylor, K. 2009. “Home to Aunt Em: Sentimental Adoption in L. Frank Baum’s The Wonderful Wizard of Oz”. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 34 (4): 379-393.

Wilson, S. R. 1993. Margaret Atwood’s Fairy-Tale Sexual Politics. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18172/jes.3578

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

© Universidad de La Rioja, 2013

ISSN 1576-6357

EISSN 1695-4300