An Analysis of the Pragmatic Functions of Hispanicisms in Hemingway’s "Death in the Afternoon"


  • José Antonio Sánchez Fajardo University of Alicante



Hispanicisms, pragmatic functions, lexical borrowing, codeswitching, travel writing, Hemingway


This paper seeks to explore the pragmatic functions of the Spanishinduced loanwords, or hispanicisms, used in the novel Death in the Afternoon by Hemingway. These borrowed words have been manually extracted and through the software kit AntConc, each occurrence or word token was examined to determine the prevalent pragmatic motivation in each text string: ‘ideational’, ‘expressive’ or ‘textual’. Findings suggest that unadapted borrowings are most widespread, and the vast majority of them correspond to ideationally or referentially motivated loanwords. The assimilation of new referents (i.e., nonexistent in English cultural frames), particularly those related with bullfighting jargon, is linked to the general stylistics of travelogues. Expressive and interpersonal motivations are less frequent, but they might reflect the vernacularization of travel writing and the extended use of euphemisms through lexical borrowing. Alternatively, textual motivations are regularly found through the use of synomyms, co-hyponyms and paraphrases, which are intended to ensure text clarity and coherence.


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Author Biography

José Antonio Sánchez Fajardo, University of Alicante

José A. Sánchez Fajardo received his PhD in English Linguistics from the University of Alicante, where he is currently a lecturer. His research interests include Morphology, Sociolinguistics and Pragmatics. His latest publications revolve around the phenomena of morphological pejoration and linguistic borrowing.


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How to Cite

Sánchez Fajardo, J. A. (2021). An Analysis of the Pragmatic Functions of Hispanicisms in Hemingway’s "Death in the Afternoon". Journal of English Studies, 19, 143–169.