When the weather turned bad. The research of climate impacts on society and economy during the Little Ice Age in Europe. An overview

Ch. Camenisch, Ch. Rohr

Abstract


This paper focusses on historical climate impact research, one of the branches of historical climatology with an emphasis on the Little Ice Age. It provides examples of the theoretical concepts, models, and further structuring considerations that are used in historical climate impact research, which are especially fitting to the examined period. We distinguish between the impact of climate on society by time-scale in long-term, conjunctural or medium-term, and short-term impacts. Moreover, a simplified climate-society interaction model developed by Daniel Krämer is presented, as well as the concept of the Little Ice Age-type Impact (LIATIMP) by Christian Pfister and the vulnerability concept regarding climatic variability and extreme weather events. Furthermore, the paper includes a state-of-the-art application of the historical climate impact research and discussion of research gaps.

Keywords


historical climatology; social history; economic history; Middle Ages; early Modern period; Little Ice Age

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18172/cig.3395

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