Flood processes and morphological changes in aggradational ephemeral rivers. Reconstruction of the October 1957 flood in the Rambla Castellarda (Spain)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18172/cig.5338

Keywords:

Floods, ephemeral streams, aggradational processes, river forms, Rambla Castellarda

Abstract

During the latter half of the twentieth century, Mediterranean ephemeral rivers underwent a profound metamorphosis. Fluvial adjustment processes narrowed the channels, simplified their planform pattern and notably reduced sediment availability. Today, this makes it extremely difficult to analyse the behaviour of this type of river in former aggradational contexts, such as those seen at the middle part of the twentieth century. For this reason, this paper addresses a reconstruction and analysis of the 1957 flood that occurred in the Rambla Castellarda, a tributary of the Turia river. The research is based, among other sources, on a series of extraordinary, high-precision aerial photographs carried out a few weeks after the flood. These images make it possible to recreate the processes observed in this ephemeral river and map the post-event river forms. Results show the behaviour of a Mediterranean aggradational ephemeral stream, very different from the current processes, and allows a comparative reflection to be made about flood processes in different sedimentary contexts. The study reveals that in-channel agricultural activity was, together with floods, the most relevant factor conditioning the river channel adjustment trajectory in that sedimentary context. Finally, the analysis of the impact of the flood in the Tura river highlights the importance of overflows – and therefore the connection between channel–floodplain – both for in-channel processes and in the lamination of floods.


Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Armengot, R., 2002. Las lluvias intensas en la Comunidad Valenciana. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología. Barcelona.

Barrera-Escoda, A., Llasat, M. 2015. Evolving flood patterns in a Mediterranean region 1301-2012 and climatic factors–the case of Catalonia. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 191, 465-483. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-465-2015

Batalla, R.J., 2003. Sediment deficit in rivers caused by dams and instream gravel mining. A review with examples from NE Spain. Cuaternario y Geomorfología 17(2), 79-91.

Beguería, S., López-Moreno, J.I., Gómez-Villar, A., Rubio, V., Lana‐Renault, N., García‐Ruiz, J.M., 2006. Fluvial adjustments to soil erosion and plant cover changes in the Central Spanish Pyrenees. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography 88(3), 177-186. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3878364

Benito, G., Thorndycraft, V.R., Rico, M., Sánchez-Moya, Y., Sopeña, A., 2008. Palaeoflood and floodplain records from Spain: Evidence for long-term climate variability and environmental changes. Geomorphology 1011-2, 68-77. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.05.020

Calle Navarro, M., 2019. Morphosedimentary dynamics of ephemeral rivers affected by gravel mining: GIS mapping and geomorphic change detection, PhD Thesis, Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Calle, M., Alho, P., Benito, G., 2017. Channel dynamics and geomorphic resilience in an ephemeral Mediterranean river affected by gravel mining. Geomorphology 285, 333-346. http://hdl.handle.net/10261/155132

Camarasa-Belmonte, A.M., 2021. Flash-flooding of ephemeral streams in the context of climate change. Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica (Geographical Research Letters) 47, 121-142. http://doi.org/10.18172/cig.4838

Cánovas, M., 1958. Avenidas motivadas por las lluvias extraordinarias de los días 13 y 14 de octubre de 1957. Revista de Obras Públicas 106, I 2914, 59-68.

Conesa García, C., 1987. Barras de grava en lechos de rambla del campo de Cartagena. Papeles de Geografía 12, 33-46.

Conesa García, C., Pérez Cutillas, P., 2014. Alteraciones geomorfológicas recientes en los sistemas fluviales mediterráneos de la Península Ibérica: Síntomas y problemas de incisión en los cauces. Revista de Geografía Norte Grande 59, 25-44.

Croke, J., Fryirs, K., Thompson, C., 2013. Channel–floodplain connectivity during an extreme flood event: implications for sediment erosion, deposition, and delivery. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 38(12), 1444-1456. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3430

García, V. Carrasco, A., 1958. Lluvias de intensidad y extensión extraordinarias causantes de las inundaciones de los días 13 y 14 de octubre de 1957, en las provincias de Valencia, Castellón y Alicante. Ministerio del Aire, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Publicaciones Serie A (Memorias) nº 30, Madrid.

Hooke, J.M., 2006. Human impacts on fluvial systems in the Mediterranean región, Geomorphology 79 (3-4), 311-335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.06.036

Liébault, F., Piégay, H., 2002. Causes of 20th century channel narrowing in mountain and piedmont rivers of Southeastern France. Earth Surface and Landforms 27, 425-444. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.328

Liébault, F., Gomez, B., Page, M., Marden, M., Peacock, D., Richard, D., Trotter, C.M., 2005. Land‐use change, sediment production and channel response in upland regions. River Research and Applications 21(7), 739-756. https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.880

Magliulo, P., Cusano, A., Giannini, A., Sessa, S., Russo, F., 2021. Channel Width Variation Phases of the Major Rivers of the Campania Region (Southern Italy) over 150 Years: Preliminary Results, Earth 2(3), 374-386. https://doi.org/10.3390/earth2030022.

Marco, J., Mateu, J., 2007. El fenómeno hidrológico. ETSICCP (Coord.), Ciclo de Conferencias 50 años de la riada que transformó Valencia. Octubre 18-25 y Noviembre 8-15, València.

Martín-Vide, J.P., Ferrer-Boix, C., Ollero, A., 2010. Incision due to gravel mining: modelling a case study from the Gállego River, Spain. Geomorphology 117(3-4), 261-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.01.019

Martínez-Fernández, V., González del Tánago, M., Maroto, J., García de Jalón, D., 2016. Fluvial corridor changes over time in regulated and non‐regulated rivers (Upper Esla River, NW Spain). River Research and Applications 33(2), 214-223. https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.3032.

Mateu Bellés, J.F., Ruiz Pérez, J.M., Portugués Mollá, I., Carmona González, P., Bonache i Felici, X., Marco Segura, J.B., 2012. Materiales inéditos para el estudio de la riada del Turia en Valencia (octubre de 1957). Cuadernos de Geografía 91-92, 181-196.

Núñez, J.A., Riesco, J., 2007. Climatología de la ciudad de Valencia. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología, Barcelona.

Ollero Ojeda, A., Conesa García, C., Vidal-Abarca Gutiérrez, M.R. (Coords.), 2021. Buenas prácticas en gestión y restauración de cursos efímeros mediterráneos: resiliencia y adaptación al cambio climático. Editum. Ediciones de la Universidad de Murcia. https://doi.org/10.6018/editum.2900

Pérez Cueva, A.J., 1985. Geomorfología del sector oriental de la Cordillera Ibérica entre los ríos Mijares y Turia. Universitat de València, Valencia.

Portugués, I., 2012. Una revisió de les crescudes de 1949 a la plana del Xúquer-Túria, Cuadernos de Geografía 91/92, 107-140.

Portugués, I., Mateu, J.F., 2012. Río y suburbio: el cauce del Turia en la Valencia de la autarquía (1939-1957). Cuadernos de Geografía 91/92, 141-160.

Portugués, I., Bonache, X., Mateu, J.F., Marco, J.B., 2016. A GIS-Based Model for the analysis of an urban flash flood and its hydro-geomorphic response. The Valencia event of 1957. Journal of Hydrology 541, 582-596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.05.048.

Puertes, C., Francés, F., 2016. La riada de Valencia de 1957: reconstrucción hidrológica y sedimentológica y análisis comparativo con la situación actual. Ingeniería del agua 20(4) 181-199, https://doi.org/10.4995/ia.2016.4772

Rovira, A., Batalla, R.J., Sala, M., 2005. Response of a river sediment budget after historical gravel mining (the lower Tordera, NE Spain). River Research and Applications 21 (7), 829-847. http://doi.org/10.1002/rra.885

Sanchis-Ibor, C., Segura-Beltrán, F., Almonacid-Caballer, J., 2017. Channel forms recovery in an ephemeral river after gravel mining (Palancia River, Eastern Spain). Catena 158, 357-370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2017.07.012

Sanchis‐Ibor, C., Segura-Beltrán, F., Navarro‐Gómez, A., 2019. Channel forms and vegetation adjustment to damming in a Mediterranean gravel‐bed river (Serpis River, Spain). River Research and Applications 35(1), 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.3381

Scorpio, V., Aucelli, P.P., Giano, S.I., Pisano, L., Robustelli, G., Rosskopf, C.M., Schiattarella, M., 2015. River channel adjustments in southern Italy over the past 150 years and implications for channel recovery. Geomorphology 251, 77-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.07.008

Scorpio, V., Piégay, H., 2021. Is afforestation a driver of change in Italian rivers within the Anthropocene era? Catena 198, 105031. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2020.105031

Segura Beltrán, F., Sanchis Ibor, C., 2011. Efectos de una crecida en un cauce antropizado. La riada del Palancia de octubre de 2000. Cuadernos de Geografía 90, 147-168. http://doi.org/10.7203/CGUV..14215

Segura-Beltran, F., Sanchis-Ibor, C., 2013. Assessment of channel changes in a Mediterranean ephemeral stream since the early twentieth century. The Rambla de Cervera, eastern Spain. Geomorphology 201, 199-214. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.06.021

Surian, N., 2021. Fluvial Changes in the Anthropocene: A European Perspective, Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elsevier, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818234-5.00109-7

Surian, N., Rinaldi, M., Pellegrini, L., Audisio, C., Maraga, F., Teruggi, L., Ziliani, L., 2009. Channel adjustments in northern and central Italy over the last 200 years, Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 451, 83-95.

Tuset, J., Vericat, D., Batalla, R. 2015. Evolución morfo-sedimentaria del tramo medio del río Segre. Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica (Geographical Research Letters) 41, 23-62. https://doi.org/10.18172/cig.2707

Downloads

Published

17-05-2022

How to Cite

1.
Sanchis Ibor C, Iranzo Quevedo JL, Segura-Beltran F. Flood processes and morphological changes in aggradational ephemeral rivers. Reconstruction of the October 1957 flood in the Rambla Castellarda (Spain). CIG [Internet]. 2022 May 17 [cited 2023 Jan. 29];48(1):3-21. Available from: https://publicaciones.unirioja.es/ojs/index.php/cig/article/view/5338

Issue

Section

Articles