Long-term hydrological monitoring in arid-semiarid Almería, SE Spain. What have we learned?

E. Rodríguez-Caballero, R. Lázaro, Y. Cantón, J. Puigdefabregas, A. Solé-Benet

Abstract


A combination of high temporal variability and spatial heterogeneity of rainfall, soil surfaces, and plant cover is the cause of the complex hydrological response in arid/semiarid regions. Under these premises, long-term monitoring is necessary to capture drivers controlling the response of these areas and to be able to model and predict their reaction. A succinct, up-to-date review of the databases and results produced by two representative micro-catchments in the most arid extreme of Europe, Almería (SE Spain), is presented with the aim to show how the different precipitation patterns, during a 20-year period, influence the hydrological behavior on different lithologies and soil surfaces. The problems encountered about the functioning of these experimental stations, including the generation and maintenance of long-term databases, is also reviewed.


Keywords


data series; micro-catchment hydrology; rainfall simulation; runoff; sediment yield

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18172/cig.3462

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