Effect of the implementation of CLIL and KNOWMAD competences on students' motivation in higher education


  • Rocío Muñoz Benito University of Córdoba
  • Maribel Rodríguez Zapatero University of Córdoba
  • Leonor Pérez Naranjo University of Córdoba
  • Cristina Morilla García University of Córdoba




CLIL, knowmad, language skills, tourism, motivation, student´s satisfaction


The development of language skills in a second language as well as knowmad skills are key to the future employability of students. This research aims to analyze the impact of the introduction of a specific methodology involving the development of both types of skills on students’ motivation and satisfaction in order to foster the development of a bilingual itinerary. The methodology is based on Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) and the sample involved 227 students of the Degrees in Tourism of the University of Córdoba (Spain). Through a model of structural equations, the data analysis revealed that the development of language skills in L2 and the development of knowmad skills had a significant direct effect on the students’ motivation towards learning a second language. The indirect effect of the development of these skills on the students’ satisfaction with the teaching experience was also significant.


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Author Biographies

Rocío Muñoz Benito, University of Córdoba

She is Professor and Researcher of the Applied Economics Area of the University of Cordova. Ph. D. in Economics in the Social and Legal Sciences Program of the University of Cordova. Graduate in Economic and Business Sciences. Master in Market Research and Marketing for leaders of Social Economy. SEO and trainer in Enterprise Information Technology in universities, companies and other institutions (2003-2006). Project Manager of the Cordova Science & Technology Park (2006-2012). Professor of the Applied Economics Area of the University of Cordova since January 2009. Secretary and member of the Tourism and Enterprise Research Group of the University of Cordova. UCOTUREM.Co-Director of the Journal of Economics and Tourism RITUREM. 

Maribel Rodríguez Zapatero, University of Córdoba

Dr. Maribel Rodríguez Zapatero, Faculty of Tourism from the University of Córdoba. tlfo: 34957211097. email: es3rozai@uco.es She obtained his PhD in Economics at University of Córdoba, Spain 1998. She is an active researcher member for Family Business Institution at the University of Córdoba, Spain. Mentor of International Center for Entrepreneurship (Santander). Vice dean of the Faculty of Tourism from the University of Córdoba. 

Leonor Pérez Naranjo, University of Córdoba

Dra. Leonor M. Pérez, Faculty of Tourism, University of Cordoba, C/ Adarve  30, 14071, Córdoba, Spain.  She is Ph.D. in Business Administration from the University  of Córdoba, Spain. She is an Associate Professor at the Department of  Business Management at the University of Córdoba. She is Academic  Coordinator of the Double Degree in Tourism and in Translation and  Interpreting at the Faculty of Tourism. She has also coordinated  various educational innovation projects. She  has contributed to a  wide range of research projects, conferences, book chapters and journal articles.

Cristina Morilla García, University of Córdoba

Dra. Cristina Morilla García, Faculty of Arts and Humanities at the University of Córdoba (Spain). 671666848. E-mail: cmorilla@uco.es.  She is Ph.D in Bilingualism and Multiple Intelligences. Member of the research group HUM 859 / SICA of the University of Almería. Coordinator of the Double Degree in English Studies and Primary Education. Professor of the Department of English and German Philology at the University of Córdoba. Teaching in different grades and in the Master of Advanced English Studies and Bilingual Education. She  has contributed to a  wide range of research projects, conferences, book chapters and journal articles.



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How to Cite

Muñoz Benito, R., Rodríguez Zapatero, M., Pérez Naranjo, L., & Morilla García, C. (2020). Effect of the implementation of CLIL and KNOWMAD competences on students’ motivation in higher education. Journal of English Studies, 18, 181–204. https://doi.org/10.18172/jes.4457