Eufemismo y disfemismo durante la Guerra de Sucesión Española (1710-1713): George Ridpath

Raquel Sánchez Ruiz

Resumen


El eufemismo y el disfemismo aparecen frecuentemente en la comunicación política, pues el primero es un maquillaje lingüístico para el engaño y la distorsión de la realidad (Rodríguez González 1991: 90) mientras que el segundo destaca los atributos más peyorativos del tabú para ofender (Crespo-Fernández 2015: 2). Partiendo de ahí he analizado ambos recursos en los escritos políticos de George Ridpath durante la Guerra de Sucesión Española (1710-1713), en un corpus que abarca dos periódicos (The Observator y The Flying Post), con el fin de esclarecer cómo manipula y moldea la opinión pública británica mediante el lenguaje durante el periodo Estuardo. Para ello he seguido el enfoque de la Teoría de la Valoración (Martin y White 2005) de Taboada y Grieve (2004), así como la Teoría de la Cortesía (Brown y Levinson 1987), la Teoría de la Imagen (Goffman 1967), el Análisis Crítico de la Metáfora de Charteris-Black (2005: 45) y la Teoría de la Metáfora Conceptual (Gibbs 2011). Los resultados demuestran que Ridpath empleó el lenguaje eufemístico y disfemístico para representar positivamente al propio grupo y negativamente al oponente.


Palabras clave


eufemismo; disfemismo; George Ridpath; escritos políticos; Guerra de Sucesión Española

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18172/cif.2959

Copyright (c) 2017 Raquel Sánchez Ruiz

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Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.

© Universidad de La Rioja, 2013

ISSN 0211-0547

EISSN 1699-292X