Reconocimiento identitario y academicismo en el currículum musical de educación primaria

Pablo Marín-Liébana, José Salvador Blasco Magraner, Ana María Botella Nicolás

Resumen


Durante los últimos años ha crecido el interés por el reconocimiento de las identidades musicales de los estudiantes en el sistema educativo. Diferentes desarrollos teóricos críticos sostienen la necesidad de darles voz e incluir sus preferencias musicales en los distintos niveles curriculares. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la representacion de las identidades y preferencias musicales de los estudiantes en el curriculum oficial de educación musical primaria durante las últimas tres décadas. Para ello, se ha utilizado el análisis de contenidos con el fin de estudiar el repertorio prescrito durante las tres reformas que han tenido lugar desde 1990. Se ha encontrado que el currículum presenta referencias directas e indirectas al repertorio. Las primeras estan formadas principalmente por música folklórico-tradicional y, en la actualidad, también por académica, aunque la mayor parte son referencias indeterminadas que dejan flexibilidad de elección a los docentes. En cuanto a las referencias indirectas, estas favorecen la música académica y su sistema de aprendizaje formal. Por su parte, las preferencias e identidades de los estudiantes son prácticamente inexistentes. Por tanto, se concluye que el currículum musical estudiado tiene un carácter academicista y que no refleja las propuestas de la educación musical crítica.


Palabras clave


Educacion musical; pedagogia critica; educacion primaria; politica educativa; curriculum

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18172/con.4886

Copyright (c) 2021 Pablo Marín-Liébana, José Salvador Blasco Magraner, Ana María Botella Nicolás

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Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.

© Universidad de La Rioja, 2013

ISSN 1575-023X

EISSN 1695-5714