La teoría de la autodeterminación: un marco motivacional para el aprendizaje basado en proyectos

Ana María Botella Nicolás, Pablo Ramos Ramos

Resumen


La mejora de la motivación escolar requiere de un marco teórico que permita establecer estrategias sencillas para guiar a los docentes en su práctica educativa. La teoría de la autodeterminación, con un corpus científico extenso, ha ayudado a entender mejor los elementos que inciden sobre la motivación en la práctica. Según este marco teórico, las formas autónomas de motivación requieren del desarrollo de tres necesidades psicológicas básicas: autonomía, competencia y relación con los demás. En el medio escolar, estas necesidades se ven favorecidas a través de contextos que fomentan la autonomía, proveen una estructura adecuada y permiten la relación de los alumnos. El aprendizaje basado en proyectos –fundamentado en la toma de decisiones, el trabajo cooperativo y la autonomía– puede ser una buena herramienta para crear este contexto, siempre y cuando se sigan unas estrategias precisas y teóricamente fundadas.

Palabras clave


Motivación; aprendizaje basado en proyectos; teoría de la autodeterminación; autonomía; metodología

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18172/con.3576

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